In simplest terms, alkaline fruits are those fruits that have lesser acidic ingredients. That said, they have a higher pH level. They are further divided into three categories according to their alkaline level. We can categorize them as:
- Low alkaline
- Medium alkaline
- High alkaline
This division is based on the pH value. To better understand what is meant by alkaline, let’s have a brief overview of alkaline.
What is alkaline?
Simply put, anything which has a pH value of 8 or above is alkaline. Anything below 7 is acidic, and if the pH level is 7, that thing is categorized as neutral. But, when we talk about food, things change a lot. Foods with a pH scale above 2.0 are generally categorized as alkaline foods (low alkaline to high alkaline), and those foods with pH below 2.0 are acidic.
Now, as the value starts decreasing on the pH scale, the acidity level increases. Alkaline fruits fall under the same classification. As the pH level increases, the alkalinity of fruits will increase. As mentioned above, alkaline fruits are further classified into three categories according to the alkalinity level. Let’s talk about some low to high alkaline fruits.
According to the pH Level, coconut is a medium to high alkaline fruit with a pH value of 5.5 to 7.8. Coconut is consumed in different forms such as coconut oil, coconut milk, and processed coconut. However, another worth mentioning is that the coconut has different effects on your body if you use it in different forms.
If you use fresh coconut, it will be alkaline, and if you use dried coconut, it will be acidic. Similarly, coconut water is also alkaline. It reduces the acidity level in your body, and it is a “magical” drink if you have lost body fluids after vomiting or diarrhea.
According to classification, grapes are low to medium alkaline fruit. Its PH level ranges between 3.5 to 4.5. Now, as we know, as the value increases on the pH scale, the acidity level decreases, and the commodity becomes more and more alkaline. Moreover, the alkaline level of grapes also depends on the place where they are grown. For instance, grapes grown in colder climates are more acidic (less alkaline) as compared to those which are grown in warmer temperatures.
The pH level of apples is approximately 4, which is why they are low to moderately alkaline fruits. Red apples are sweeter in taste, and they are more alkaline as compared to green apples. Moreover, apples are rich in alkalizing magnesium, potassium, and calcium. Magnesium is an essential ingredient used in making acid reflux drugs. Apart from that, apples contain fiber, which helps in absorbing stomach acid. Due to these cohesive traits, it is safe to say that apples are alkaline fruit.
With a pH level of 5.6 to 6.5, bananas are also categorized as mild to high alkaline fruit. Ripe bananas have a pH of 6.5, while unripe bananas have a pH of 5.6.
Bananas are a rich source of potassium, vitamin B6, and fiber. They are well known for reducing the stomach’s acidity, and mashed bananas are also used in several low-acid baking recipes. Bananas can control acid reflux as they can coat an irritated esophageal lining.
Avocados are also one of the mild to high alkaline fruits. They have a ph value of 6.5, and they are fiber-rich fruit. Avocados are multi-nutrient fruit as they are rich in different vitamins, including Vitamin c, Vitamin B5, Vitamin K, Vitamin E, and Vitamin B6.
Apart from that, Avocados contain manganese, copper, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, and other minerals. Avocados are a great source to reduce acidity in the stomach. It is very useful and reduces the effects of normal American diets, which contain high quantities of artificial sweeteners, sugar, and omega-6 fatty acids.
When it comes to lemons, there is a fairy tale between the alkaline and acidic nature of lemons. In its natural or raw form, lemon is highly acidic with a pH of 2.0. But, when we consume lemon juice, it becomes fairly alkaline once it metabolizes in our body. In fact, after metabolism, the pH scale of lemon reaches to approximately 7.
Not to mention, we all know how good lemons to our health care. They are very helpful in the digestion process, prevention of kidney stones, reduce the chances of cancer, and improve heart health.
With a pH scale of 6.0 to 6.7, melons are one of those medium to high alkaline fruits, which are very nutritious and readily available. The best way to consume melons is to add them to your breakfast. They are very helpful in reducing acid reflux as well. Melons are highly enriched with magnesium, which is commonly known for reducing stomach acidity. As mentioned above, using them in the morning is good for your health.
Known with several names such as sweet melon, rock melon, and spanspek, cantaloupe is a high alkaline fruit with a pH scale of 6.17 to 7.13. Cantaloupes are one of those alkaline fruits which are simply “loaded” with nutritious elements. Cantaloupes are rich in antioxidants such as choline, lutein, zeaxanthin, vitamin c, beta carotene, and selenium.
Apart from that, they are also a rich source of fiber, potassium, iron, zinc, magnesium, potassium, fluoride, sodium, phosphorus, vitamin k, vitamin a, and vitamin E. Cantaloupes are good for your hair and skin, help in digestion, reduce the chances of cancer, help in regulating the blood pressure, and helps in prevention of asthma development.
Dates are one of the highly alkaline fruits with a pH level of 6.5 to 8.5, and it is needless to say that dates have “unlimited” benefits literally. Dates are a traditional fruit in the Middle East and surrounding countries. Dates are a rich source of vitamin B6, iron, magnesium, manganese, copper, potassium, protein, and fiber.
Moreover, dates are rich in antioxidants such as phenolic acid, carotenoids, and flavonoids. They are very effective in reducing the risk of diabetes, heart diseases, and cancer. Also, dates have proved to be useful in promoting brain health as well.
Dates are also rich in minerals such as calcium, potassium, phosphorus, and magnesium, and they are beneficial for bone health. Furthermore, dates have proved to be effective for pregnant women in late-term labor. Without any doubt, dates are one of the best alkaline fruits, and they are available almost throughout the year.
About the Author
Lori Bogedin is a health and wellness writer and editor of TwigsCafe.com. She is in the restaurant business since 1999. In 2016 she was named one of the "Top Women in Business" by Northeastern Pennsylvania Business Journal.